Diabetes is a condition in which blood sugar levels increases above normal level. It happens because glucose stays in the blood due to the lack of a hormone called insulin, hence glucose can’t be converted to energy to be used as energy. In this article we will cover nutritional information of Type 2 Diabetes.
Understanding Nutrition for Type 2 Diabetes
There are 2 main types of diabetes
- Type 1 in which no insulin is produced by pancreas. (kids)
- Type 2 Diabetes, in which insulin produced is not enough. (90% people have this type normally in adults)
Type 2 diabetes
Typical symptoms are
- Extreme thirst
- Tired feeling
- Weight and muscle bulk loss
- Frequent urination, particularly at night
- Blurry vision
- Itching around private parts
- Slow healing of the wound.
- Allopathic medication
Prevention of type 2 diabetes
- Lose weight
- Healthy eating
- Quit smoking
- Proper exercise regime
- You should check for diabetes every year
There is a high risk of becoming diabetic if
- Age is above 40 (read more on diet tips for women above 40)
- Waist in Men is above 35.5 inch and in women it’s over 32.5 inch
- family has history of diabetes
- and blood sugar is above 4
UNDERSTANDING NUTRITION IN TYPE 2 DIABETES
The purpose of understanding nutrition in type 2 diabetes is to
- control blood sugar levels and
- Lose weight if needed
The meal of the patient should be planned by working closely with doctor and dietitian. The nutrients selection and meal planning depends on
- Your weight
- Your diet
- Frequency and extent of exercise
- other health risks
There is no separate diet for diabetic patients. The points to keep in head are
- When to eat
- What to eat and
- How much to eat.
Rough Meals and snacks plan during a day
- Morning snack
- Afternoon snack
- Evening snack
Which Foods To Take In Diabetes?
Every one is different so is our body type, needs and our diseases too. The following article will just give a range of servings. The number of servings right for one patient might be different from another patient according to individual patient. The article below is just a guideline. Consult your dietitian for individual needs.
Grains, Beans And Strachey Vegetables (6-11 Servings A Day)
- Examples of 1 serving sizes
- 1 bread slice
- 1/3 cup cooked pasta or rice
- ¾ cup of cereal (dry)
- ½ cup of potatoes, beans, peas or corn
- cooked oatmeal ½ cup
- 1 very small whole grain muffin
Foods that give us carbohydrates for energy are included in this group e.g,
- oats etc.
Other foods included in this group are starchy vegetables like
- squash and
- corns etc.
Whole grains should be chosen over processed grains as the later can make blood sugar level go higher.
THE VEGETABLE GROUP: (3-5 servings a day)
- Examples of 1 serving sizes
- 1 cup raw vegetables
- ½ cup cooked vegetables
Vegetables are powerhouses of vitamins, minerals and fibre.
Examples of foods included in this group are
- Onion etc
THE FRUIT GROUP: (2-4 servings a day)
- Examples of 1 serving size
- 1 small whole fruit like apple